计算机组织与结构

出版时间:2012-7  出版社:电子工业出版社  作者:斯托林斯  页数:774  字数:1441000  
Tag标签:无  

内容概要

《计算机组织与结构——性能设计(第8版英文版)》以Intel
x86系列通用处理器和ARM系列嵌入式处理器作为主要考察实例,将当代计算机系统性能设计问题和计算机组织与结构的基本概念及原理紧密联系。首先介绍计算机的发展与演变,引人性能评价和性能设计的概念,然后以自顶而下的方式逐层展开介绍计算机系统、存储器体系结构、I/O及互连、计算机算术、指令集体系结构的设计及其实现技术、控制器设计,最后还介绍了处理器的各种并行组织技术。本书特色在于探讨和揭示面向性能的各种设计博弈和实现考量,追逐性能极大化的同时顾及系统整体的性能平衡。
《计算机组织与结构——性能设计(第8版英文版)》可以作为高等院校信息领域的本科生、研究生和教师的双语教学教材或教学参考书,对于从事计算机研究与开发的技术人员,也是一本颇具指导意义的参考读物。本书由斯托林斯(William
Stallings)著。

作者简介

William
Stallings,作为一名顾问、讲师和17本(不包括再版)著作的作者,William
Stallings是计算机界的一位巨擘。本书第四版获得了由美国教科书与高等院校作者协会(Text and Academic Autho
Association)颁发的2002年度最佳计算机与工程图书奖。他还因其大量优秀作品获得了很多其他的奖项。他从Notre
Dame获得电子工程硕士学位后,在MIT获得计算机科学博士学位。他维护了一个面向计算机科学的学生资源网站:http://WilliamStallings.com/StudentSupport.html。他在PrenticeHall公司出版的所有图书均可以在网站http://www.prenhall.com上找到。

书籍目录

Chapter 0 Reader’s Guide
0.1 Outline of the Book
0.2 A Roadmap for Reade and I tructo
0.3 Why Study Computer Organization and Architecture
0.4 Internet and Web Resources
PART ONE OVERVIEW
Chapter 1 Introduction
1.1 Organization and Architecture
1.2 Structure and Function
1.3 Key Terms and Review Questio
Chapter 2 Computer Evolution and Performance
2.1 A Brief History of Compute
2.2 Designing for Performance
2.3 The Evolution of the Intel x86 Architecture
2.4 Embedded Systems and the ARM
2.5 Performance Assessment
2.6 Recommended Reading and Web Sites
2.7 Key Terms, Review Questio , and Problems
PART TWO THE COMPUTER SYSTEM
Chapter 3 A TopLevel View of Computer Function and
Interconnection
3.1 Computer Components
3.2 Computer Function
3.3 Interconnection Structures
3.4 Bus Interconnection
3.5 PCI
3.6 Recommended Reading and Web Sites
3.7 Key Terms, Review Questio , and Problems
Appendix 3A Timing Diagrams
Chapter 4 Cache Memory
4.1 Computer Memory System Overview
4.2 Cache Memory Principles
4.3 Elements of Cache Design
4.4 Pentium 4 Cache Organization
4.5 ARM Cache Organization
4.6 Recommended Reading
4.7 Key Terms, Review Questio , and Problems
Appendix 4A Performance Characteristics of TwoLevel Memories
Chapter 5 Internal Memory Technology
5.1 Semiconductor Main Memory
5.2 Error Correction
5.3 Advanced DRAM Organization
5.4 Recommended Reading and Web Sites
5.5 Key Terms, Review Questio , and Problems
Chapter 6 External Memory
6.1 Magnetic Disk
6.2 RAID
6.3 Optical Memory
6.4 Magnetic Tape
6.5 Recommended Reading and Web Sites
6.6 Key Terms, Review Questio , and Problems
Chapter 7 Input/Output
7.1 External Devices
7.2 I/O Modules
7.3 Programmed I/O
7.4 InterruptDriven I/O
7.5 Direct Memory Access
7.6 I/O Channels and Processo
7.7 The External Interface: FireWire and Infiniband
7.8 Recommended Reading and Web Sites
7.9 Key Terms, Review Questio , and Problems
Chapter 8 Operating System Support
8.1 Operating System Overview
8.2 Scheduling
8.3 Memory Management
8.4 Pentium Memory Management
8.5 ARM Memory Management
8.6 Recommended Reading and Web Sites
8.7 Key Terms, Review Questio , and Problems
PART THREE THE CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT
Chapter 9 Computer Arithmetic
9.1 The Arithmetic and Logic Unit (ALU)
9.2 Integer Representation
9.3 Integer Arithmetic
9.4 FloatingPoint Representation
9.5 FloatingPoint Arithmetic
9.6 Recommended Reading and Web Sites
9.7 Key Terms, Review Questio , and Problems
Chapter 10 I truction Sets: Characteristics and Functio
10.1 Machine I truction Characteristics
10.2 Types of Operands
10.3 Intel x86 and ARM Data Types
10.4 Types of Operatio
10.5 Intel x86 and ARM Operation Types
10.6 Recommended Reading
10.7 Key Terms, Review Questio , and Problems
Appendix 10A Stacks
Appendix 10B Little, Big, and BiEndian
Chapter 11 I truction Sets: Addressing Modes and Formats
11.1 Addressing
11.2 x86 and ARM Addressing Modes
11.3 I truction Formats
11.4 x86 and ARM I truction Formats
11.5 Assembly Language
11.6 Recommended Reading
11.7 Key Terms, Review Questio , and Problems
Chapter 12 Processor Structure and Function
12.1 Processor Organization
12.2 Register Organization
12.3 The I truction Cycle
12.4 I truction Pipelining
12.5 The x86 Processor Family
12.6 The ARM Processor
12.7 Recommended Reading
12.8 Key Terms, Review Questio , and Problems
Chapter 13 Reduced I truction Set Compute (RISCs)
13.1 I truction Execution Characteristics
13.2 The Use of a Large Register File
13.3 CompilerBased Register Optimization
13.4 Reduced I truction Set Architecture
13.5 RISC Pipelining
13.6 MIPS R4000
13.7 SPARC
13.8 The RISC ve us CISC Controve y
13.9 Recommended Reading
13.10 Key Terms, Review Questio , and Problems
Chapter 14 I tructionLevel Parallelism and Supe calar
Processo
14.1 Overview
14.2 Design Issues
14.3 Pentium 4
14.4 ARM CortexA8
14.5 Recommended Reading
14.6 Key Terms, Review Questio , and Problems
PART FOUR THE CONTROL UNIT
Chapter 15 Control Unit Operation
15.1 Microoperatio
15.2 Control of the Processor
15.3 Hardwired Implementation
15.4 Recommended Reading
15.5 Key Terms, Review Questio , and Problems
Chapter 16 Microprogrammed Control
16.1 Basic Concepts
16.2 Microi truction Sequencing
16.3 Microi truction Execution
16.4 TI 8800
16.5 Recommended Reading
16.6 Key Terms, Review Questio , and Problems
PART FIVE PARALLEL ORGANIZATION
Chapter 17 Parallel Processing
17.1 The Use of Multiple Processo
17.2 Symmetric Multiprocesso
17.3 Cache Coherence and the MESI Protocol
17.4 Multithreading and Chip Multiprocesso
17.5 Cluste
17.6 Nonuniform Memory Access Compute
17.7 Vector Computation
17.8 Recommended Reading and Web Sites
17.9 Key Terms, Review Questio , and Problems
Chapter 18 Multicore Compute
18.1 HardwarePerformance Issues
18.2 Software Performance Issues
18.3 Multicore Organization
18.4 Intel x86 Multicore Organization
18.5 ARM11 MPCore
18.6 Recommended Reading and Web Sites
18.7 Key Terms, Review Questio , and Problems
Appendix A Projects for Teaching Computer Organization
and Architecture
A.1 Interactive Simulatio
A.2 Research Projects
A.3 Simulation Projects
A.4 Assembly Language Projects
A.5 Reading/Report Assignments
A.6 Writing Assignments
A.7 Test Bank
Appendix B Assembly Language and Related Topics
B.1 Assembly Language
B.2 Assemble
B.3 Loading and Linking
B.4 Recommended Reading and Web Sites
B.5 Key Terms, Review Questio , and Problems
ONLINE CHAPTERS
Chapter 19 Number Systems
19.1 The Decimal System
19.2 The Binary System
19.3 Converting between Binary and Decimal
19.4 Hexadecimal Notation
19.5 Key Terms, Review Questio , and Problems
Chapter 20 Digital Logic
20.1 Boolean Algebra
20.2 Gates
20.3 Combinational Circuits
20.4 Sequential Circuits
20.5 Programmable Logic Devices
20.6 Recommended Reading and Web Site
20.7 Key Terms and Problems
Chapter 21 The IA64 Architecture
21.1 Motivation
21.2 General Organization
21.3 Predication, Speculation, and Software Pipelining
21.4 IA64 I truction Set Architecture
21.5 Itanium Organization
21.6 Recommended Reading and Web Sites
21.7 Key Terms, Review Questio , and Problems
ONLINE APPENDICES
Appendix C Hash Tables
Appendix D Victim Cache Strategies
D.1 Victim Cache
D.2 Selective Victim Cache
Appendix E Interleaved Memory
Appendix F International Reference Alphabet
Appendix G Virtual Memory Page Replacement Algorithms
Appendix H Recu ive Procedures
H.1 Recu ion
H.2 Activation Tree Representation
H.3 Stack Processing
H.4 Recu ion and Iteration
Appendix I Additional I truction Pipeline Topics
I.1 Pipeline Reservation Tables
I.2 Reorder Buffe
I.3 Scoreboarding
I.4 Tomasulo’s Algorithm
Appendix J Linear Tape Open Technology
Appendix K DDR SDRAM
Glossary
References
Index

章节摘录

版权页:   插图:   the form of registers (e.g., see Figure 2.3). Further, as we shall see, the control unitportion of the processor may also require its own internal memory. We will defer discussion of these latter two types of internal memory to later chapters. Cache isanother form of internal memory. External memory consists of peripheral storagedevices, such as disk and tape, that are accessible to the processor via I/O controllers. An obvious characteristic of memory is its capacity. For internal memory, thisis typically expressed in terms of bytes (1 byte - 8 bits) or words. Common wordlengths are 8, 16, and 32 bits. External memory capacity is typically expressed interms of bytes. A related concept is the unit of transfer. For internal memory, the unit oftransfer is equal to the number of electrical lines into and out of the memorymodule. This may be equal to the word length, but is often larger, such as 64,128, or256 bits. To clarify this point, consider three related concepts for internal memory: •Word: The "natural" unit of organization of memory. The size of the word istypically equal to the number of bits used to represent an integer and to the instruction length. Unfortunately, there are many exceptions. For example, theCRAY C90 (an older model CRAY supercomputer) has a 64-bit word lengthbut uses a 46-bit integer representation. The Intel x86 architecture has a widevariety of instruction lengths, expressed as multiples of bytes, and a word sizeof 32 bits. •Addressable units: In some systems, the addressable unit is the word. However, many systems allow addressing at the byte level. In any case, the relationship between the length in bits A of an address and the number N ofaddressable units is 2A = N. •Unit of transfer: For main memory, this is the number of bits read out of orwritten into memory at a time. The unit of transfer need not equal a word or anaddressable unit. For external memory, data are often transferred in muchlarger units than a word, and these are referred to as blocks. Another distinction among memory types is the method of accessing units ofdata. These include the following: •Sequential access: Memory is organized into units of data, called records. Access must be made in a specific linear sequence. Stored addressing informationis used to separate records and assist in the retrieval process. A shared readwrite mechanism is used, and this must be moved from its current location to the desired location, passing and rejecting each intermediate record. Thus, thetime to access an arbitrary record is highly variable. Tape units, discussed inChapter 6, are sequential access.

图书封面

图书标签Tags

评论、评分、阅读与下载


    计算机组织与结构 PDF格式下载



用户评论 (总计2条)

 
 

  •     我看过这本书的第六第七版,但都没看完感觉挺好,第八版还没怎么看,应该是不错。
  •     读Stallings的英文是一种享受
 

250万本中文图书简介、评论、评分,PDF格式免费下载。 第一图书网 图书搜索

第一图书网(tushu001.com) @ 2017