理解国际冲突:理论与历史

出版时间:2000-01-01  出版社:北京大学出版社  作者:Joseph S. Nye, Jr.  页数:276  字数:528000  
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前言

引进和交流,是国际研究诸学科发展壮大所不可或缺的环节和纽带。没有引进和交流,学术就难以活跃,也不易创新。每一位从事世界政治与国际关系研究的学者、每一位学习世界政治与国际关系的学生,无不深感阅读外文原文文献的重要性,他们都深知,原文的报刊、教材和专著,是获取最新国际信息、最新理论论争、最新参考资料的必不可少的重要来源,而获得这样的原文文献的机会是不均等的,因此,他们极其渴望更为方便地直接接触到原文文献。而在目前不易直接在国内购买原版书籍的情况下,采取原版影印的方式引进国际上的优秀教材和专著是解决问题的一条捷径,如此就可以使国内普通读者方便地获得最有权威的原文读物,从而可以快速了解国外同行的教学和学术成果,为深入学习和研究、为开展有效的对外学术交流、也为国际关系诸学科在我国的创新和发展,打下更坚实的基础。    这套“世界政治与国际关系原版影印丛书”,正是基于上述认识而组织出版的,并且得到了我国国际关系教学与科研领域最有权威的专家教授们的认可,他们分别来自于北京大学国际关系学院、复旦大学国际关系与公共事务学院、中国人民大学国际关系学院、外交学院、清华大学国际问题研究所、中国社会科学院世界经济与政治研究所、中共中央党校战略研究所等单位,作为本套丛书的学术顾问,他们愿意向我国该学科及相关领域的广大学者和学生共同推荐这套丛书。    本丛书第一批先行选入了一些经典文献选读性质的国外优秀教材,也包括美国大学中的一些知名国际关系学教员所编著的教材,内容主要在国际关系理论方面,也包括国际政治经济学和比较政治学方面的优秀教材。它们皆可称为原文中的精品,值得研读和收藏,不仅如此,由于它们本身在国外的大学课堂里都是应用较广的教材和读物,所以特别适合作为我国国际关系与世界政治专业大学教学中的参考读物,甚至可以直接作为以外文授课的课堂教材。在每本书的前面,我们都邀请国内比较权威的专家学者撰写了精彩的导论,以指导读者更好地阅读和使用这些文献。    根据读者的反映和我国建设中的国际关系学科的发展需要,我们决定在上述影印图书的基础上,开辟一个“学术精品系列”,以让我国国际关系专业的学者和学生有机会更方便地接触到那些堪称“精品中的精品”的学术书籍,比如摩根索的《国家间政治》、沃尔兹的《国际政治理论》和基欧汉的《权力与相互依赖》等等。这些作品大都已经有了中文译本,而且有的还不只一种中译本,它们的学术和学科地位是不言而喻的,在中国读者心目中也已有着持久深入的影响,正因如此,在这个新系列的每一种图书前面我们没有再烦请学术顾们撰写导言。我们相信,如此有生命力的作品,当它们以新的面目出现在中国读者面前时,一定会引发新的阅读感受、新的理论遐思和新的战略决策思考。

内容概要

  本书出自国际关系领域一位著名学者之手,它巧妙地把历史与理论结合起来,帮助学生获得一个全面的、有深度的分析当今世界问题和困境的框架。这部书使用了最新的学术研究成果,考察了我们在新时代所面对的国际问题,并且为学生提供了认识和解释未来世界事态发展的工具。  本书已是第5版,现由我社推出这部经典著作的英文影印版,希望能为我国致力于国际关系理论领域研究的学者和爱好者们提供最新的第一手资料。  在第5版中新增加了关于伊拉克战争的讨论、布什的新国家安全政策、“软权力”的更深层讨论等内容。

作者简介

  约瑟夫·奈(Joseph s.Nye,Jr.)哈佛大学政治学博士,现任哈佛大学肯尼迪政府学院院长、政冶学教授,曾任美国国防部助理部长、美国国家情报委员会主席,著有《权力与相互依赖》(1977年、1989年、2001年,合著)、《注定领导》(1990年)、《理解国际冲突》(2000年)

书籍目录

FOREWORDPREFACECHAPTER 1 Is THERE AN ENDURING LOGIC OF CONFLICT IN WORLD POLITICS?  What Is International Politics?    Two Views of Anarchic Politics    Building Blocks  The Peloponnesian War    A Short Version of a Long Story    Causes and Theories    Inevitability and the Shadow of the Future  Ethical Questions and International Politics    Limits on Ethics in International Relations    Three Views of the Role of Morality  Chronology: Peloponnesian Wars  Study Questions  Notes  Selected Readings  Further ReadingsCHAPTER 2 ORIGINS OF THE GREAT TWENTIETH-CENTURY CONFLICTS  International Systems and Levels of Causation    Levels of Analysis    Systems: Structure and Process    Revolutionary and Moderate Goals and Instruments    The Structure and Process of the Nineteenth Century System    A Modern Sequel    Domestic Politics and Foreign Policy    Liberalism Revived    Liberal Democracy and War    Definition of National Interests    Variations in Foreign Policies  Counterfactuals    Plausibility    Proximity in Time    Relation to Theory  Facts  Chronologies: Europe  Study Questions  Notes  Selected Readings  Further ReadingsCHAPTER 3 BALANCE OF POWER AND WORLD WAR I  Balance of Power  Power    Balances as Distributions of Power    Balance of Power as Policy    Balance of Power as Multipolar Systems    Alliances  The Origins of World War I    Three Levels of Analysis    Was War Inevitable?    What Kind of War?    The Funnel of Choices    Lessons of History Again  Chronology: The Road to World War I  Study Questions  Notes  Selected Readings  Further ReadingsCHAPTER 4 THE FAILURE OF COLLECTIVE SECURITY AND WORLD WAR II  The Rise and Fall of Collective Security    The League of Nations    The United States and the League of Nations    The Early Days of the League    The Manchurian Failure    The Ethiopian Debacle  The Origins of World War II    Hitler's War?    ……CHAPTER 5 THE COLD WARCHAPTER 6 INTERVENTION,INSTITUTIONS,AND REGIONAL AND ETHNIC CONFLICTSCHAPTER 7 GLOBALIZATION AND INTERDEPENDENCECHAPTER 8 THE INFORMATION REVOLUTION,TRANSNATIONAL ACTORS,AND THE DIFFUSION OF POWERCHAPTER 9 A NEW WORLD ORDER?GLOSSARYCREDITSINDEX

章节摘录

What Is International Politics?    WHAT IS INTERNATIONAL POLITICS?    The world has not always been divided into a system of separate states. Over the cen?turies there have been three basic forms of world politics. In a world imperial system, one government controls most of the world with which it has contact. The greatest example in the Western world was the Roman Empire. Spain in the sixteenth cen?tury and France in the late seventeenth century tried to gain similar supremacy, but they failed. In the nineteenth century, the British Empire spanned the globe, but even the British had to share the world with other strong states. Ancient world empires—the Sumerian, the Persian, the Chinese—were actually regional empires. They thought they ruled the world, but they were protected from conflict with other empires by lack of communication. Their fights with barbarians on the peripheries of the empire were not the same as wars among roughly equal states.    A second basic form of international politics is a feudal system, in which human loyalties and political obligations are not fixed primarily by territorial boundaries. Feudalism was common in Europe after the collapse of the Roman Empire. An individual had obligations to a local lord, but might also owe duties to some distant noble or bishop as well as to the pope in Rome. Political obligations were determined to a large extent by what happened to one's superiors. If a ruler married, an area and its people might find their obligations rearranged as part of a wedding dowry. Townspeople born French might suddenly find themselves made Flemish or even English. Cities and leagues of cities sometimes had a special semi-independent status. The crazy quilt of wars that accompanied the feudal situation were not what we think of as modern territorial wars. They could occur within as well as across territories and were related to these crosscutting, nonterritorial loyarties and conflicts.    A third form of world politics is an anarchic system of states, composed of states that are relatively cohesive but with no higher government above them. Examples include the city-states of ancient Greece or Machiavelli's fifteenth-century Italy. Another example of an anarchic state system is the dynastic territorial state whose coherence comes from control by a ruling family. Examples can be found in India or China in the fifth century B.C. Large territorial dynasties reemerged in Europe about 1500, and other forms of international polities such as city-states or loose leagues of territories began to vanish. In 1648, the Peace of Westphalia ended Europe's Thirty Years' War, sometimes called the last of the great wars of religion and the first of the wars of modern states. In retrospect, that treaty enshrined the sovereign territorial state as the dominant form of international organization.    Thus today when we speak of international politics, we usually mean this terri?torial state system, and we define international politics as politics in the absence of a common sovereign, politics among entities with no ruler above them. Interna?tional politics is often called anarchic. As monarchy means one ruler, anarchy— "an-archy"—means the absence of any ruler. International politics is a self-help sys?tem. Thomas Hobbes, the seventeenth-century English philosopher, called such anarchic systems a "state of nature."

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用户评论 (总计17条)

 
 

  •     这本书曾经是北京大学考国际关系方面研究生的参考书,我看过了很多遍.思想很深刻,很有见解.作者能将几种主流的思想集中起来理解,为我开拓视野的同时,也为我提供了很好的学习方向!历史和理论并重!
  •     作为国际政治入门新手,读得津津有味。发现如果历史不好的话,wiki开在旁边,一边读一边查历史事件的始末,会非常有收获。
  •     我不是国际政治专业的
    但是奈这本书深入浅出,思路明晰,很不错
  •     奈所著之书,理论与历史之结合,堪称经典!
  •     对于提高专业英语水平非常有帮助。不是很难,只要你了解一定的背景和专业知识,读起来还是比较简单的。奈的这本书很值得大家购买!
  •     买来还没看 但书本身是很经典的 建议买来看看 领略大师风采
  •     帮朋友买的 ,很值
  •     deliver books very quickly and books are quite good!
  •     以往那些大事,只知道结果,也许是因为年龄和不具备这方面专业知识的缘由,读了国际关系方面的大量的书籍和老师的讲解后,我们才明白了事件发生的深层次原因,但是,我们不得不清醒的认识到,这是一个美国人站在他自己的立场或者说他的美国价值观上的对世界冲突的分析,我在意的并不是他对国家冲突缘由的总结,而是想通过这本书找到一个分析的途径或者说一种视角……
  •     奈的这本书可谓名作中的名作,值得一读!影印本的价钱也还能接受,肯定比原版的便宜很多!买了这个系列中的几本,都还不错!
  •     买错了,没想到是英文版的,为什么题目是中文,诶
  •     几天前收到书,翻了几十页,真的很不错,都是用比较简单朴实的英语写成的,但字里行间充满了睿智,奈教授将历史与国际关系理论结合得非常好.除了影印版的书那个墨的味道比较重点,这本书无可挑剔.推荐学国际关系的同学一看!
  •     终于看到英文版了,作者用词通俗易懂,买一本既可以学专业,还可以学英语
  •     奈的经典作品之一,个人以为远胜过软实力
  •     就是太难了点 没别的
  •     挑着看了一部分,很不错。简单易懂的英文,真正能从西方人的视野,阐释他们对于历史事件的看法,有一定思想内涵。从学英语和全面看待历史事件上都很有好处。
  •     奈是我很喜欢的教授,是那种能写出通俗易懂的东西来的大家!
 

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