出版时间：2010-8 出版社：世界图书出版公司 作者：梅斯瑞 页数：507
This book grew out of a 2-semester graduate course in laser physics and quan-tum optics. It requires a solid understanding of elementary electromagnetismas well as at least one, but preferably two, semesters of quantum mechanics.Its present form resulted from many years of teaching and research at theUniversity of Arizona, the Max-Planck-Institut fiir Quantenoptik, and theUniversity of Munich. The contents have evolved significantly over the years,due to the fact that quantum optics is a rapidly changing field. Because theamount of material that can be covered in two semesters is finite, a numberof topics had to be left out or shortened when new material was added. Im-portant omissions include the manipulation of atomic trajectories by light,superradiance, and descriptions of experiments.
This book grew out of a 2-semester graduate course in laser physics and quan-tum optics. It requires a solid understanding of elementary electromagnetismas well as at least one, but preferably two, semesters of quantum mechanics.
Classical Electromagnetic Fields 1.1 Maxwell's Equations in a Vacuum 1.2 Maxwell's Equations in a Medium 1.3 Linear Dipole Oscillator 1.4 Coherence 1.5 Free-Electron Lasers ProblemsClassical Nonlinear Optics 2.1 Nonlinear Dipole Oscillator 2.2 Coupled-Mode Equations 2.3 Cubic Nonlinearity 2.4 Four-Wave Mixing with Degenerate Pump Frequencies 2.5 Nonlinear Susceptibilities ProblemsQuantum Mechanical Background 3.1 Review of Quantum Mechanics 3.2 Time-Dependent Perturbation Theory 3.3 Atom-Field Interaction for Two-Level Atoms 3.4 Simple Harmonic Oscillator ProblemsMixtures and the Density Operator 4.1 Level Damping 4.2 The Density Matrix 4.3 Vector Model of Density Matrix ProblemsCW Field Interactions 5.1 Polarization of Two-Level Medium 5.2 Inhomogeneously Broadened Media 5.3 Counterpropagating Wave Interactions 5.4 Two-Photon Two-Level Model 5.5 Polarization of Semiconductor Gain MediaProblems 6 Mechanical Effects of Light 6.1 Atom-Field Interaction 6.2 Doppler Cooling 6.3 The Near-Resonant Kapitza-Dirac Effect 6.4 Atom Interferometry ProblemsIntroduction to Laser Theory 7.1 The Laser Self-Consistency Equations 7.2 Steady-State Amplitude and Frequency 7.3 Standing-Wave, Doppler-Broadened Lasers 7.4 Two-Mode Operation and the Ring Laser 7.5 Mode Locking 7.6 Single-Mode Semiconductor Laser Theory 7.7 Transverse Variations and Gaussian Beams ProblemsOptical Bistability 8.1 Simple Theory of Dispersive Optical Bistability 8.2 Absorptive Optical Bistability 8.3 Ikeda Instability Problems 9 Saturation Spectroscopy 9.1 Probe Wave Absorption Coefficient 9.2 Coherent Dips and the Dynamic Stark Effect 9.3 Inhomogeneously Broadened Media 9.4 Three-Level Saturation Spectroscopy 9.5 Dark States and Electromagnetically Induced Transparency Problems 10 Three and Four Wave Mixing 10.1 Phase Conjugation in Two-Level Media 10.2 Two-Level Coupled Mode Coefficients 10.3 Modulation Spectroscopy 10.4 Nondegenerate Phase Conjugation by Four-Wave Mixing Problems 11 Time-Varying Phenomena in Cavities 11.1 Relaxation Oscillations in Lasers 11.2 Stability of Single-Mode Laser Operation 11.3 Multimode Mode Locking 11.4 Single-Mode Laser and the Lorenz Model ProblemsCoherent Transients 12.1 Optical Nutation 12.2 Free Induction Decay 12.3 Photon Echo 12.4 Ramsey Fringes 12.5 Pulse Propagation and Area Theorem 12.6 Self-Induced Transparency 12.7 Slow Light ProblemsField Quantization 13.1 Single-Mode Field Quantization 13.2 Multimode Field Quantization 13.3 Single-Mode Field in Thermal Equilibrium 13.4 Coherent States 13.5 Coherence of Quantum Fields 13.6 Quasi-Probability Distributions 13.7 SchrSdinger Field Quantization 13.8 The Gross-Pitaevskii Equation ProblemsInteraction Between Atoms and Quantized Fields 14.1 Dressed States 14.2 Jaynes-Cummlngs Model 14.3 Spontaneous Emission in Free Space 14.4 Quantum Beats ProblemsSystem-Reservoir Interactions 15.1 Master Equation 15.2 Fokker-Planck Equation 15.3 Langevin Equations 15.4 Monte-Carlo Wave Functions 15.5 Quantum Regression Theorem and Noise Spectra ProblemsResonance Fluorescence 16.1 Phenomenology 16.2 Langevin Equations of Motion 16.3 Scattered Intensity and Spectrum 16.4 Connection with Probe Absorption 16.5 Photon Antibnnching 16.6 Off-Resonant Excitation Problems Squeezed States of Light 17.1 Squeezing the Coherent State 17.2 Two-Sidemode Master Equation 17.3 Two-Mode Squeezing 17.4 Squeezed Vacuum ProblemsCavity Quantum ElectrodynAmlcs 18.1 Generalized Master Equation for the Atom-Cavity System 18.2 Weak Coupling Regime 18.3 Strong Coupling Regime 18.4 Velocity-Dependent Spontaneous Emission 18.5 Input-Output Formalism ProblemsQuantum Theory of a Laser 19.1 The Micromaser 19.2 Single Mode Laser Master Equation 19.3 Laser Photon Statistics and Linewidth 19.4 Quantized Sidemode Buildup ProblemsEntanglement, Bell Inequalities and Quantum Information 20.1 Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox and Bell Inequalities 20.2 Bipartite Entanglement 20.3 The Quantum Beam Splitter 20.4 Quantum Teleportation 20.5 Quantum Cryptography 20.6 Toward Quantum Computing Problems References Index
插图：In this book we present the basic ideas needed to understand how laser lightinteracts with various forms of matter. Among the important consequencesis an understanding of the laser itself. The present chapter summarizes clas-sical electromagnetic fields, which describe laser light remarkably well. Thechapter also discusses the interaction of these fields with a medium con-sisting of classical simple harmonic oscillators. It is surprising how well thissimple model describes linear absorption, a point discussed from a quantummechanical point of view in Sect. 3.3. The rest of the book is concernedwith nonlinear interactions of radiation with matter. Chapter 2 generalizesthe classical oscillator to treat simple kinds of nonlinear mechanisms, andshows us a number of phenomena in a relatively simple context. Starting withChap. 3, we treat the medium quantum mechanically. The combination of aclassical description of light and a quantum mechanical description of matteris called the semiclassical approximation. This approximation is not alwaysjustified （Chaps. 13-19）, but there are remarkably few cases in quantum op-tics where we need to quantize the field.