社会契约论

出版时间:2010-01-13  出版社:外语教学与研究出版社  作者:卢梭  页数:139  译者:(英)H.J. Tozer  
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前言

This little treatise is extracted from a larger work undertaken at an earlier time without consideration of my capacity, and long since abandoned. Of the various fragments that might be selected from what was accomplished, the following is the most considerable, and appears to me the least unworthy of being offered to the public. The rest of the work is no longer in existence.

内容概要

《社会契约论》主要探究是否存在合法的政治权威,“人是生而自由的,但却无往不在枷锁之中。”他所说的政治权威在我们的自然状态中并不存在,所以我们需要一个社会契约。在社会契约中,每个人都放弃天然自由,而获取契约自由;在参与政治的过程中,只有每个人同等地放弃全部天然自由,转让给整个集体,人类才能得到平等的契约自由。《社会契约论》中主权在民的思想是现代民主制度的基石,深刻地影响了逐步废除欧洲君主绝对权力的运动,和18世纪末北美殖民地摆脱英帝国统治、建立民主制度的斗争。美国的《独立宣言》和法国的《人权宣言》及两国的宪法均体现了《社会契约论》的民主思想。

作者简介

作者:(法国)卢梭(Jean-Jacques Rousseau) 译者:(英国)托泽(Tozer.H.J)
让·雅克·卢梭 (Jean-Jacques
Rousseau,1712年—1778年),法国伟大的启蒙思想家、哲学家、教育家、文学家,是18世纪法国大革命的思想先驱,启蒙运动最****的代表人物之一。主要著作有《论人类不平等的起源和基础》、《社会契约论》、《爱弥儿》、《忏悔录》、《新爱洛漪丝》、《植物学通信》等。

书籍目录

Prefatory Note
Introductory Note
BOOK ONE
Chapter 1 Subject of the First Book
Chapter 2 Primitive Societies
Chapter 3 The Right of the Strongest
Chapter 4 Slavery
Chapter 5 That It Is Always Necessary to Go Back to a First
Convention
Chapter 6 The Social Pact
Chapter 7 The Sovereign
Chapter 8 The Civil State
Chapter 9 Real Property
BOOK TWO
Chapter 1 That Sovereignty Is Inalienable
Chapter 2 That Sovereignty Is Indivisible
Chapter 3 Whether the General Will Can Err
Chapter 4 The Limits of the Sovereign Power
Chapter 5 The Right of Life and Death
Chapter 6 The Law
Chapter 7 The Legislator
Chapter 8 The People
Chapter 9 The People (continued)
Chapter 10 The People (continued)
Chapter 11 The Different Systems of Legislation
Chapter 12 Division of the Laws
BOOK THREE
Chapter 1 Government in General
Chapter 2 The Principle Which Constitutes the Different Forms of
Government
Chapter 3 Classification of Governments
Chapter 4 Democracy
Chapter 5 Aristocracy
Chapter 6 Monarchy
Chapter 7 Mixed Governments
Chapter 8 That Every Form of Government Is Not Fit for Every
Country
Chapter 9 The Marks of a Good Government
Chapter 10 The Abuse of the Government and lts Tendency to
Degenerate
Chapter 11 The Dissolution of the Body Politic
Chapter 12 How the Sovereign Authority Is Maintained
Chapter 13 How the Sovereign Authority Is
Maintained(continued)
Chapter 14 How the Sovereign Authority Is
Maintained(continued)
Chapter 15 Deputies or Representatives
Chapter 16 That the Institution of the Government Is Not a
Contract
Chapter 17 The Institution of the Government
Chapter 18 Means of Preventing Usurpations of the Government
BOOK FOUR
Chapter 1 That the General Will Is Indestructible
Chapter 2 Voting
Chapter 3 Elections
Chapter 4 The Roman Comitia
Chapter 5 The Tribuneship
Chapter 6 The Dictatorship
Chapter 7 The Censorship
Chapter 8 Civil Religion
Chapter 9 Conclusion

章节摘录

Even if each person could alienate himself, he could not alienate his children; they are born free men; their liberty belongs to them, and no one has a right to dispose of it except themselves. Before they have come to years of discretion, the father can, in their name, stipulate conditions for their preservation and welfare, but not surrender them irrevocably and unconditionally; for such a gift is contrary to the ends of nature, and exceeds the rights of paternity.In order, then, that an arbitrary government might be legitimate, it would be necessary that the people in each generation should have the option of accepting or rejecting it; but in that case such a government would no longer be arbitrary. To renounce one's liberty is to renounce one's quality as a man, the rights and also the duties of humanity. For him who re-nounces everything there is no possible compensation. Such a renunciation is incompatible with man's nature, for to take awayall freedom from his will is to take away all morality from his actions. In short, a convention which stipulates absolute authority on the one side and unlimited obedience on the other is vain and contradictory. Is it not clear that we are under no obligations whatsoever towards a man from whom we have a right to demand everything? And does not this single condition, without equivalent, without exchange, involve the nullity of the act? For what right would my slave have against me since all that he has belongs to me? His rights being mine, this right of me against myself is a meaningless phrase.

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用户评论 (总计37条)

 
 

  •     由于卢梭的《社会契约论》在近代以来的中国影响巨大,该书的中文译本之多,在西方社会科学著作中是罕见的。《社会契约论》的译本还有:1918年马君武根据法文原著与H. J. Tozer的英译本翻译的《足本卢骚民约论》(中华书局);故放心本版英文水平。
    其次,书本印刷还好,就是行距窄,要翻译的话恐怕不行
  •     一句话:大师之经典。
  •     经典中的经典,现在看了一半了
  •     这是自己的失误,我英文水平和读英文经典有很大的距离。
  •     全英版的,好吧,当练习英语好了
  •     到了以后才发现是全英文的……以后看这本书时得抱着英语词典了……
  •     帮助学英语!
  •     全英版本,要慢慢慢慢慢慢看
  •     本想拜读一番,结果短期内只能拜了。。。
  •     好书 就是字有点小 但是便宜
  •     好难读,好书
  •     便宜又好,英语系的学习用书。
  •     很棒,很有用!!!!!!!
  •     能看到这样一本著作变成这样一本小书,而且英文也很有读头 读了很充实!丰富和提升一下思想
  •     书是好书,可惜自己眼花,没看清是英文版的,收到书后才看到,悲剧了,英语盲各种抓狂啊~~~
  •     对我英语是个考验
  •     很好的书,就是运输有磨损
  •     字体太小,看着眼睛累,很薄,不够全面,但是学习的话够了
  •     我想。。。读原版的英文书籍对于我而言难度还是偏大的。。。姑且不说我看中文版的社会契约论是否能理解。。。都怪我粗心没看清它是英文的!!!!
  •     这书可作为收藏,但本人觉得不适合作为阅读,因为书上的字也很小,字体也不适合阅读·····
  •     英文翻译版本,要拿字典对照看了。价格似乎高了。
  •     没看准是英文版的就买了
  •     只能放书架歇息了,英文程度没那么好啊
  •     可能是我买时没注意,还是没注明????
  •     书下信息标的正文语言是汉语和法语,奔着是法语买的,今天收到一看全是英文。生气
  •     译者是英国人,介绍说是法文,到底是法语版还是英语版?
  •     英文版,很薄,很适合写读书笔记
  •     看起来有些困难,但是感觉像在读他的心
  •     英文哦,然后字比较小,很薄的一小本
  •     这本书的内容是英文版的。
  •     买来和中文版的对照看,学英语
  •     全是英语~~~~~~~
  •     是全英版的 纸质不错 送货速度快
  •     小册子,很轻便,只怪我太大意,买了本英文的,啃起来可不容易了
  •     本以为是汉语,结果是全英的,看不懂啊啊
  •     英文的!!!竟然是英文的!!!!怎么没有特别说明啊???气死我啦
  •     内容丰富,包装精美,值
 

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